BLACK SEA HORIZON – Bi-regional STI Dialogue


Black Sea Synergy: review of a regional cooperation initiative

The  present  report  covers  the  period  2009  until  2014.  It  offers  a  review  of  the  Black  Sea Synergy regional cooperation initiative and highlights a number of "lessons learnt" which will inform the future development of the Synergy.

  • Posted on: 17.07.2015
  • Year of publication: 2015

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The Black Sea Synergy Initiative aims to focus political attention at the regional level and invigorate ongoing cooperation processes. In so doing it takes account of the range of EU policies and programmes applicable to the EU's differentiated  relations  with  the  countries  of  the  region.  Its  primary  objective  is  to  further cooperation within the Black Sea region and between the region as a whole and the EU. The Synergy  is  intended  as  a  flexible  framework  that  will  ensure  greater  coherence  and  policy guidance.  It  envisages  a  bottom-up  project  development  approach  aimed  at  building  on concrete  deliverables  in  the  environment,  maritime  affairs,  fisheries,  maritime  transport, energy, education, civil society, cross border cooperation and research fields.


The  Black  Sea  Synergy  initiative  was  proposed  by  the  European  Commission  in  a Communication to the Parliament and the Council in April 2007 1 . The European Parliament highlighted the importance of strengthened cooperation between the European Union and the countries of the region in its Resolution of 17 January 2008 2 . The Black Sea Synergy was formally launched at a joint meeting of European Union and Black Sea Foreign Ministers in Kiev in February 2008.  
In June 2008, the European Commission released a report 3  on the first year of implementation of the Black Sea Synergy. The report described the progress achieved in implementing the tasks set by the 2007 Communication and produced a number of forward-looking proposals, including the establishment of three sectoral partnerships: environment, transport and energy.
Since then, the environmental partnership has produced tangible results in a number of focus areas 4 , while new areas of cooperation such as the cross-cutting integrated maritime policy have emerged. Since 2009, the European Union (EU) has invested nearly EUR 140 million in the region.
The  European  Parliament  in  2011  adopted  a  second  resolution  calling  for  the  further development of the EU's polices towards the Black Sea region. 

Source: European Commission, JOINT STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT | Document type: Policy/Strategy | Scientific field: Cross-thematic/Interdisciplinary | Related Topics: BLACK SEA HORIZON | Geographical focus: Black Sea Region